Waste management can be incorporated in our daily life in a very simple way. We can follow the method adopted by koduvally Panchayath of Kozhikode District, Kerala State. They have taken up it as a Group mobilisation activity of Animal Husbandry Department under ATMA 2012-13. For this program there was a total allotment of Rs. 60,000/-. 12 groups (Women) each having 5 members were selected and the fund allocation is Rs. 5000/- per Group.
In the program it has planned to collect waste from Koduvally Town and process the biodegradable waste by “Thumboomuzhi Method of Aerobic Composting Technique”. The program is well supported by the Grama Panchayath, Kudumbasree, Shop Owners, Agriculture and health departments and the Public. Three round discussions were held, a committee is formed for the implementation of the program and the program is planned as follows.
There are around 250 shops in Koduvally Town including fish, meat and vegetable markets. Shop owners are requested to deposit their wastes in two separate bins. One for bio degradable waste and the other for plastic and other inorganic waste.
For the implementation of the program following things are purchased. Five Ferro Cement Tanks (Bins), Thumboormuzhi Model for depositing and processing waste for Rs.42,500/-. These tanks are Kerala Veterinary University’s developed products. Transportation cost from Trisur to Kozhikode was Rs. 5750/-. Also purchased one Urbana, one Net, one shovel, one trowel, 3 large buckets, Registers and a few other items.
One major issue which had to be addressed was where to install the waste bins. Mrs. Khadeeja, Parabathukavu has agreed to take the responsibility to place the bins in her compound. Another important aspect was proper management of the bin ie. to fill the bin with optimum levels of cow dung, source of carbon like dry leaves, put the waste correctly into the bin with good care and attention. The members of the selected Groups had been given a detailed training on Thumboormuzhi Model of Aerobic Composting Technique. Mrs.Kadeeja, Parabathukavu has agreed to do the bin management also. For these two jobs the committee has agreed to pay her Rs. 100/- as rent for keeping bins and Rs. 100/- for bin management Daily.
Three persons have been selected to collect the waste from the shops in the big buckets purchased, biodegradable and other waste separately. They will be paid Rs. 150/- each daily.
Plastic waste and other unwanted non degradable wastes was another big problem. These wastes also has to be collected daily. Another Group member has agreed to manage these wastes ie. to wash, clean and dry them and keep in gummy bags. For this job also she will be paid Rs. 150/- daily. Once in a month the Panchayath will take these non degradable waste to Recycling Centres.
A small amount will be collected from each shop daily as a fee for picking up their waste. For waste up to 5 Kg s. 10/- and above 5 Kg Rs. 15 to 20/- according to the quantity of waste.
It is planned to open a joint account in the name of the Panchayath President and CDS chairperson in Koduvally Service Co-operative bank. Collected amount will be remitted to the account daily and workers involved will be paid in the weekends. Work supervision and cash accounting is entrusted to a CDS and CDS chair person will do overall supervision with the help the Panchayath Officials. The CDS and CDS Chairperson will be paid an honorarium on a monthly basis. In order to keep the bins away from rain water, embankment using mud and ecofriendly roofing is also done. Formal inauguration of the progarmme is on 1st November 2012.
Filled bins will be left for three months for processing. Processed waste is superior quality manure which can be sold. The manure will be analysed by the Agriculture Department and quality Certificate will be obtained. This high quality manure will be branded and marketed as 5 Kg paper bags by Group Members.
This programme gives importance to Women Empowerment. This programme is a great solution in waste Management for even years to come also at the same time ecofriendly and income generating.
Any body can help me to translate the article to English.
Decision taken in the 104th meeting of the Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee
(GEAC) held on 15.11.2010.
The 104 meeting of the GEAC was held on 15.11.2010 in the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) under the chairmanship of Shri M.F. Farooqui, Additional Secretary, MoEF and Chairman, GEAC. The deliberations and decision taken in the GEAC meeting in respect of Agenda items 4 to 6 are
5.11 Permission to conduct Biosafety Research Level-1 (BRL-1) trial of Para Rubber Tree [Hevea brasiliensis [Wild. Ex Adr. De Juss.) Muell. Arg.] on Hb. SOD-L1 & L2 (Two transgenic events lines)] by Rubber Research Institute of India, Kottayam.
5.11.1 The Committee considered the request of Rubber Research Institute of India, Kottayam. has requested permission to conduct Biosafety Research Level-1 (BRL-1) trial of Para Rubber Tree [Hevea brasiliensis (Wild. Ex Adr. De Juss.) Muell. Arg.] on Hb. SOD-L1 & L2 (two transgenic events (lines) developed using the same gene construct in the same species and variety) containing manganese superoxide dismutase gene (cDNA) . Trials will be conducted at two locations, namely Dapchari, Thane and Chethackal, Thombikandom, Kerala belongs to Rubber Research institute in an area of 0.4 ha.
5.11.2 The Committee noted that the purpose of the trials is to evaluate:
i. The potential of Hevea brasiliensis transgenic plant integrated with MnSOD gene for enhanced tolerance to abiotic stress and tapping panel dryness syndrome as well as to assess the capability of the plants to grow better with higher yield under adverse conditions.
ii. The proposed design is RBD with four treatments, five replicates and a plot size of six. Boundaries and isolation belt will be planted with non-modified Hevea brasiliensis plants.
iii. The data to be collected include growth and latex yield data recording; physiological parameters determining abiotic stress tolerance such as leaf water potential, photosynthetic net assimilation rate (‘A’), fluorescent parameters like Dark Fv/Fm & Phi. PSII; antioxidant enzyme assay of superoxide dismutase & peroxidase and estimation of H2O2 content.
iv. TPD (tapping panel dryness syndrome ) incidence will also be recorded.
5.11.3 The Committee also noted the following reproductive isolation measures are
i. In the Trial site-I, towards the eastern and western side, for about 200 m no sexually compatible species are growing. Towards the northern and southern side, 75 m each will be kept as isolation belt by planting the same species.
ii. In the Trial site-II, 50 m on all sides will be kept as isolation belt by planting the same species.
iii. In both the trial sites, after flowering (by the 5 year after planting), all the seeds produced by the existing plants of the same species within 100 m from the boundary of the trial area will be collected and destroyed by burning.
5.11.4 The Committee further noted that the IBSC has recommended the proposal. The application was earlier considered by the RCGM in the 88 meeting held on 20.04.2010 wherein it was decided that the opinion of three scientists specializing in molecular biology viz. Dr. M. Udaya Kumar, UAS, Bangalore; Dr. V. Siva Reddy, ICGEB, New Delhi and Dr. Sanjay Kumar, IHBT, Palampur may be taken prior to forwarding the same for GEAC approval as this would be the first transgenic tree crop to be permitted for BRL-I trials. Based on comments of the three scientists and clarifications submitted by the applicant, the proposal was recommended by the RCGM in the 94th meeting held on 26.10.2010. The Committee considered the comments received from the experts and noted that the applicant has provided requisite clarification satisfactorily.
5.11.5 In view of the above stated facts and taking into consideration the recommendations of the RCGM, the Committee approved the request to conduct Biosafety Research Level-1 (BRL-1) trials of Para Rubber Tree [Hevea brasiliensis (Wild. Ex Adr. De Juss.) Muell. Arg.] on Hb. SOD-L1 & L2 (Two transgenic events lines.
See an old post below:What are the results from this trial? Indian Rubber Board never published the need and benefits from this trial. Kerala has the highest productivity in the World for Natural Rubber Production. Instead of the remedies for few defects for the high yielding clone RRII 105 the research Institute spreading 400 series clones without any proper trial. We saw the animals dead on the field of BT Cotton at Andhrapradesh. After the post postmortems of dead animals the AHC “observed black patches in the small intestines, enlarged bile duct and lever with discoloration and accumulation of pericardial fluid”. And BT Cotton seed oil is feeding the Indians without labeling the same. Even people who eat meat from animals fed GM cotton seed cake may be at risk. I am not feeding cotton seed cake to my animals.The first green revolution with chemical fertiliser, pesticides, weedicides etc are the harmful result we are facing in Agricultural sector.TPD due to physiological disorder can be rectified by the maintenance of physiological order. Rubber Research Institute have to observe balanced micro macro nutrients input and quality of latex at the time of tapping. Then RRII 105 will be the best verity rubber plant in the World.I am totally worried on the health of next generation.Warning: It is a long term crop, will contaminate the environment, harmful to bees flies animals human etc. Read More from GMO Basics >>>>Genetic engineering doesn’t happen in nature. Scientists force genes from bacteria and viruses into plant DNA, which result in dangerous side effects. The American Academy of Environmental Medicine urges all doctors to prescribe non-GMO diets to everyone.
GMOs are not “Green.” GMOs use far more herbicides, damage soil and marine ecology, harm beneficial insects, and cross pollinate. Their self-propagating genetic pollution will outlast the effects of climate change and nuclear waste!
We want soil health for sustainable agriculture and survival of humanity.
This Agriculture site is to bring the un-united farmers from Kerala to save and support through Internet. The farmers problems are increasing due to the lack of co-operation of dedicated farmers and agricultural scientists.The selfish farmers became a curse to the consumers of agricultural food produces. Usage of fertilizers and pesticides are increasing rapidly and it becomes the reason for the diseases like cancer. The reason for many diseases are due to the imbalances of soil nutrients. Come and Join together to save the agriculture in Kerala. This Social networking for farmers will not allow anonymous members to join. A new member have to enter postal address which will be verified later on requirements.
By clicking on State Agricultural Prices Board we can see so many details related with Agricultural Department. But if you want to open Malayalam page that will lead to the site for sexy links.
When the LDF Government assumed office in May 2006 Kerala was facing an acute crisis on the agrarian front. The State economy in general and the agricultural scenario in specific were in a precarious situation.
Is this a solution for this agrarian crisis?
- Kerala Girls
- Kerala Pictures
- Kerala Malayalee Matrimonial
- Kerala Map
- Kerala Images
- Kerala Actress
- Malayalam MP3 Songs
- PSC Kerala
How the private domain entered in to the Kerala Govt web site?
Join Trivandrum Bloggers Group
|Visit this group|
The world’s greatest scam?
A Real Farmer
- News (165)
- Agriculture (67)
- GNU-Linux (23)
- General (605)
- Letter to Ministers (5)
- Rubber (140)
- right to information (9)
- Help (8)
- Technology (14)
- Spices (1)
- My communities
- My personal Rubber Statistics
- My Programmes
- Dr. Shashi Tharoor a different MP
- My Other Blogs
- My videos – Audios
- Online News
- Complete list of Cabinet ministers and portfolios
- Few Important Links
- Sorry, but this post is not available in English
- Organic Farming
- Monthly Rubber Statistical News
- Rubber Statistics
- Rubber Board Phone. Numbers
- Did you want to install GNU/Linux?
- RTI Information: Unwanted information given by the Rubber Board on First appeal under RTI Act – 2005
- keralafarmer on പാല് ചുരത്തുവാന് അകിട് വേണ്ട
- പ്രധാനപ്പെട്ട ചില പോസ്റ്റുകള് on Grading on Rubber
- An evidence of the Violation of RTI Act | IAC Trivandrum on Excellence in Export Award for the export at the rate of Rs. 2.13/Kg for RSS4
- An evidence of the Violation of RTI Act | IAC Trivandrum on First appeal under RTI Act – 2005
- മാതൃഭൂമിയ്ക്കിതെങ്ങനെ കിട്ടി? « റബ്ബര് വാര്ത്തകള് on Performance of Natural Rubber 2010-11
- ബ്രൊമാഡിയോലോണ് എന്ന എലിവിഷം മനുഷ്യനും ഹാനികരം on Sorry, but this post is not available in English
- കര്ഷകരോട് എന്തിനീ ശത്രുത on Sorry, but this post is not available in English
- Rss 3 Price | AllGraphicsOnline.com on Rubber Prices for the month of August 2008
- ഡോ. ആര്. ഗോപിമണിയ്ക്ക് ഭ്രാന്താണോ? « കാര്ഷിക വാര്ത്തകള് on നാളികേര കര്ഷകരുടെ ശ്രദ്ധയ്ക്ക്