The international price of RSS 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 at Bangkok, Thailand are collected and converted to INR by the Rubber Board to publish on the site. Price Latex 60% drc and SMR 20 at Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia on the same manner. Domestic market price at Kottayam and Kochi collected and published by the Board. The sister concern of MRF the printed media Malayalamanorama publishing daily the price of RSS 4 and 5 below 3 rupees on Rubber board price. The same market price is followed by the local Dealers in Kerala. Thus purchase by the small scale dealers as ISS is a common factor. The profit divides between middlemen and the quality sheets will reach MRF go-down at low rate on a comparison of grade.
The monthly rubber statistical news http://rubberboard.org.in/monstatsdisplay.asp published by the Rubber Board can’t tally the monthly average price of Latex 60% drc http://rubberboard.org.in/monthlyrubberprice.asp Here is an evidence of Export of wet weight of 16056 Tonnes exported at higher price when the drc was 9634 Tonnes. https://docs.google.com/spreadsheet/pub?hl=ml&key=0AsBRb8VTiF95dHF0UkpsbEk1S0dsdzRvQUszZTZlVGc&gid=1 The exporters of natural rubber is controlled and licensed by the Rubber Board. The low priced export available in the spread sheet updated from Indian Rubber Statistics vol 35 of 2012. https://docs.google.com/spreadsheet/pub?key=0AsBRb8VTiF95cFRzWENaU3gzUWttdHZrSnBlemdLRXc&output=html The export of Natural Rubber from India to Malaysia for the year 2011-12 was 4273 Tonnes at a value of 688,000,000 rupees at an average of 161.01/kg. As per the instructions of WTO Malaysia can implement an anti dumping duty which may be the deference between market price and imported price.
The benefits of export import from WTO are encouraged by the irregularities on price. it may be the reason for the deposits of black money at Swiss Bank. The names of Arun Mamen and Rahul Mamen related with black money we know from the English and Hindi Media. Malayalam media knowingly avoided their name from publishing. the data of import published by the rubber board is not sufficient to calculate the irregularities. https://spreadsheets.google.com/pub?key=p1eoUtcZuHJfjLuKYZwqKHA
An analysis of Indian Rubber Statistics published by a Farmer is not available in any other sites. https://docs.google.com/spreadsheet/pub?key=0AjJUDQUJ7CS-cDFlb1V0Y1p1SEplNi00R21hd3BfTUE&output=html which contains a missing figure obtained from the total availability by adding opening stock, production and import can’t tally by the subtraction of export, consumption and balance stock. http://sites.google.com/a/keralafarmeronline.com/missing/ Missing is always not the same. It will continue for few years as negative and positive alternately. negative missing is that which figures of balance stock is greater than actual stock and positive missing wise versa. This missing had a great role in price fluctuation. When the stock is higher Rubber Board publishes a positive missing (Stock below actual) to permit the import with out anti dumping duty.
The joint venture of political parties, bulk dealers, rubber board and the media are responsible for the price fluctuation of natural rubber. The speculation of media is supported by the statistics and economic experts.
Rubber Board is responsible for the price fluctuations of natural rubber not only in India, but also at International market
For more details Visit: https://sites.google.com/a/keralafarmeronline.com/stats/Home/indian-rubber-statistics-its-analysis
Performance of Natural Rubber 2011-12 Stock at the beginning of the year 253975 Tonnes Area 734780 hectares 3.3 % Growth Production 903700 Tonnes 4.8% Growth Consumption 964415 Tonnes 1.8% Growth Import 213785 Tonnes –% Growth Export 27145 Tonnes – % Growth Average Market Price for RSS 4 grade Rs. 20805/100Kg Rs. 208.05 per Kg Stock at the end of the year 236275 Tonnes 236275 + 149550 Tonnes Number of small holdings 1.2 Million Number of large estates 538 Average yield per hectare 1841 Kg Customs duty on Natural rubber Solid Form 20% or Rs 20/kg which ever is lower Latex 70.00% or Rs 49/kg which ever is lower
Value of Natural Rubber Imported Rs. 4248.2 crore Rs. 198.71 per Kg Value of Natural Rubber Exported Rs. 441.3 crore Rs. 162.57 per Kg Value of rubber products imported Rs. 5074.16 crore (2010-11) Value of rubber products exported Rs. 11514.27 crore Income from NR to growers Rs. 18800 crore Cess of NR collected Rs. 101.01 crore —– Tonnes at cess Rs. 2/kg (Import 213785 + Purchase 758961 Tonnes?) Number of licensed dealers 9593 Number of licensed manufacturers 4386 Tyre and Non-tyre consumption ratio 65:35 NR and SR consumption ratio 69:31 Per capita consumption of elastomer 1.14 Kg Tyre industry turnover Rs. 43000 crores Tyre production 125.40 Million Numbers Value of tyre exports Rs. 4209 crores Costoms duty on tyres World production 10.978 million tonnes World consumption 10.919 million tonnes World NR & SR consumption ratio 42:58 International price RSS 3 Rs. 20915/100 Kg Rs. 209.15 per Kg
Opening Stock 277600 Tonnes Consumption 964415 Tonnes Production 903700 Tonnes Export 27145 Tonnes Import 213785 Tonnes Balance Stock 236275 Tonnes Missing 167250 Tonnes Total 1395085 Tonnes Total 1395085 Tonnes
Can you imagine how India got the productivity of 1819 kg/hectare in 2011. It is a mathematical game. Highest monthly production and lower balance stock at the end of December. World statistics covers from January to December and India April to March. Thus a comparison is impossible.If 90067 Tonnes for the year 2011 is +Ve missing how the productivity increased?
Will be published
National Research Programme on Plantation Development
Sponsored by Ministry of Commerce, Government of India
On the occasion of a national seminar on “Building Competitiveness in Globalised Era: Experience of India’s Plantation Sector” during 23-24 January 2012.
On 24 January 3:45 pm: Consultation with Stakeholders: Chaired by Mrs Sheela Thomas IAS and Dr A Jayathilak IAS(tbc). The issues for consultation: a) What does the plantation sector expect from the 12 Five year plan? b) what do we expect from the forthcoming state budget?
Dr.Nagesh Kumar, Chief economist, UNESCAP and Director UNESCAP for South and West Asia on NRPPD at CDS.
Dr.Nageshkumar.ogg (Download it to play)
The following major points (PDF) presented by me.
1. Need to change the visual Grading System.
The purchase and sale of rubber sheets can only be transparent by a computerised or hardware grading system. It will ensure the purchase and sale in the same Grade. The unknown “Green Book” is not a solution for grading. Dealers are making enormous profit under the pretext of visual grading system. They are purchasing on lower grades and selling the same on higher grades and prices. Form H and L submitting by the dealers to the Secretary Rubber Board can’t limelight the real marketing of rubber.
2. Rubber Statistics contain incomprehensible mathematical errors
By adding opening stock, production and import we will get the total availability. From the availability the subtraction of consumption and export the balance stock can’t tally without a missing figure. As per monthly statistical news Stock with Growers at the time of lower price was limited nearer to 30000 Tonnes and at higher price stock with farmers moves above 115000 Tonnes which is impossible.
3. Physiological Order of Rubber Trees
The system of the growth of a tree will provide the knowledge to avoid physiological disorder which is a reason for TPD. Eg. roots absorbs nutrients and water transport through Xylem and the leaves prepares carbohydrates through photosynthesis which consumes Carbon from carbon di oxide, oxygen and hydrogen from water, sunshine with the presence of magnesium in green coloured leaves. Phloem helps the carbohydrates to reach the roots to grow. As per the secondary thickening in dicot stem gaseous exchange through lenticells cork cambium splits as living cells to store food at phelloderm. Thus the flow of latex is from bottom to top and by the application of “Borax” on new bark with coconut oil can maintain the physiological order to avoid TPD which are from an experiments and experiences of a farmer.
4. Soil input to grow the trees
NPK is not a solution for the growth of trees. Nutrient mining from the soil for a long duration by a long term crop must be clarified by the analysis of soil samples from forests, rubber plantations and from other crops at various depth to confirm the truth. Dry leaves, sewage waste, cow dung, slurry etc through Aerobic Compost plant (Thumboormoozhi is an example) as organic manure can be applied to upper soil which is less expensive. It will help to avoid coliform bacteria and methane emulsion.
5. Over exploitation
The negative effects of over exploitation will cause stunted growth of trees, less life span and low economic gain. Stabilized drc of latex extraction will help the growth of tree including width of stem and long life with out new planting expense or interval for an economical gain.
6. Low priced Export
In August 2006 Pala Rubber Marketing society exported natural rubber at an average rate of Rs 2.11 per Kg when the price of RSS 4 at Kottayam was Rs. 92/Kg. Thus the details of Export including the name of exporter, date of export, quantity and grade of export, Value in INR must be published in the web site of Rubber board in spread sheets to avoid irregularities.
7. Consignment on Interstate transit
The Interstate transit took places with a period of delay up to one week. After getting an order for the interstate transit of 16 Tonnes of a load at higher price and the joint venture of bulk dealers can reduce the market price to get more profit to them within one week. After one week the price will go up. This means no transaction with the manufacturer done at the reduced price. The price game was with farmers and manufacturers.
8. Market prices
Market prices controlled by the Media including dealers price which is not covered by the Rubber Board. A Media related with a manufacturer can play a game for their profit which is harmful to other manufacturers. Rubber board covers only RSS 4, RSS 5, ISNR 20 & 60 % drc latex only. Prices of all grades have to be published daily by the Rubber Board. The monthly average price of Latex is entirely different from the daily price. Sale of latex per kg and the price including 40% other than rubber content is for the enormous profit of processors.
8. Consumption Ratio
Consumption ratio of NR and SR in India above 70:30 and the International ratio below 45:55. For an International standard of finished products India is away from it. India is in the 2nd position on consumption which reflects on the ratio of International consumption too.
9. Evasion of tax
Smuggling through the border of Kerala for the evasion of 4% VAT is beneficial to few manufacturers only. Thus tax can be levied from the farmers on the basis of average Annual production and average price to calculate on holding area of each farmer. Thus consignment of Rubber sheets and Latex can be transited to other States on free of tax which is beneficial to all manufacturers.
10. Weed Control
Chemicals and weedycides are harmful to the soil and earthworms and microbial fauna. Cover crop and grasses can be used to feed the livestock within the estate to avoid soil erosion. Soil erosion results in land infertility and leads to desertification and devastating flooding. To avoid nitrate poisoning to livestock due to less photosynthesis of the weed we can apply compost with balanced nutrients to upper soil. A package of practice recommendation has to evolve for this.“Nitrate in itself is not toxic to animals, but at elevated levels it causes “nitrate poisoning”. Nitrates are normally found in forages are converted by the digestion process to nitrite, and in turn the nitrite is converted to ammonia. The ammonia is then converted to protein by bacteria in the rumen. If cattle rapidly ingest large quantities of plants that contain high levels of nitrate, nitrite will accumulate in the rumen. Nitrite is ten times (10 X) as toxic to cattle as nitrate. Nitrite is absorbed into red blood cells and combines with hemoglobin (oxygen carrying molecule) to form methemoglobin. Methemoglobin cannot transport oxygen as efficiently as hemoglobin, so the animal’s heart rate and respiration increases, the blood and tissues of the animal take on a blue to chocolate brown tinge, muscle tremors can develop, staggering occurs, and the animal eventually suffocates.”High producing animals that thrive on such fodder usually dies .The dairy farmer faces a grave problem by this in most parts of the state.
Plantation sector expect from the 12 Five year plan to rectify the above points.
We expect from the forthcoming state budget for the control on evasion of taxes.
1. Summary of Export 2006-07
2. Details of Export of Pala Rubber Marketing Society (Two pages)
3. Analysis of Indian Rubber Statistics
Fore more Statistical data Visit >>>>>>
- Scale of Grading
- Daily Natural Rubber Prices
- Supply and Demand of Natural Rubber
- Export 2006-07 (received under RTI Act)
- Import Value
- Rubber Statistics
- An analysis of Indian Rubber Statistics
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- RTI Information: Unwanted information given by the Rubber Board on First appeal under RTI Act – 2005
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