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Traditional Cows

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Bharananganam Declaration

We, the participants of the Conference “Native livestock breeds for the future of mankind” that was organised on 7th and 8th July, 2012 at Hosanna mount in Bharananganam, Kottayam, Kerala, by the Vechur Cattle Conservation Trust with the support from National Biodiversity Authority Chennai discussed, exchanged information and reviewed trends around indigenous livestock breeds and arrived at the following conclusions: 1.  Considering that in India livestock is the main source of livelihood for the rural poor, with marginal farm households (≤1.0h hectare of land) owning more than half of country’s cattle and buffalo, and more than 80% of its sheep and goats, 2.  Noting that most of the livestock related tasks are performed by women who succinctly express a preference for easy-to-manage and resilient local livestock breeds, 3.  Reviewing the evidence from National Sample Surveys which indicates that the average milk yields of native cattle and buffalo breeds is gradually increasing due to livestock keepers’ own interventions and without outside support , while those from cross-breeds are hovering at around 6 kg, despite massive financial investments by the government over five decades,   4.  Being mindful of the fact that according to recent extensive surveys by the Rainfed Livestock Network, livestock throughout India continues to depend majorly on Common Property Resources (village commons, forest, revenue land) as well as crop by-products, while purchased feed plays a minor role, 5.  Becoming aware of the global data about the decrease in fertility, short life-spans,  and the high degree of in-breeding in Holstein-Friesians with their effective population size reduced  to only 100 animals, 6.  Realizing that semen supply  is dependent on a small number of global players 7.  Observing that according to international forecasts by OECD and FAPRI (Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute at the University of Iowa, USA), feed price levels are expected to increase by about 50% in the long-term,   We conclude that five decades of the existing policy of promoting cross-breeding and exotic breeds has led us nowhere in India, while the scenario in other countries does not provide a promising model to follow. We therefore strongly recommend the following actions to be taken for the sake of rural livelihoods and poverty alleviation, for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity, as well as for national autonomy and independence from imports: Read more >>>>>

Beta Casein A2 gene in Vechur cattle

The research findings of Dr.E.M.Mohammed (as part of his M.V.Sc thesis) that the milk of Vechur cattle is found to be rich in Beta casein A2 with its beneficial effects of preventing diabetes, heart diseases, atherosclerosis, autism and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), in comparison to the Kerala’s preferred and high yielding cross-bred Jersey, Holstein-Friesian and Brown Swiss cattle have drawn the attention of the researchers, academics and media quite recently.

According to Dr Mohammed, Milch breeds such as Holstein Friesian and Ayrshire have a high frequency of A1 gene but most of the Indian breeds have only the beneficial A2 gene. His comparative study on the presence of A2 Beta casein in Vechur cows and cross-bred cows revealed that cross bred cattle though yields more milk may be rich in harmful A1 gene. He is of the view that “our efforts should be to increase cattle population capable of producing milk with the beneficial A2 gene variant of beta casein which has a global demand.”

Dr Mohammed from Chelannur, Kozhikkod is pursuing his doctoral studies in Animal Breeding,Genetics and Biostatistics at Kerala Agricultural University on deputation from the Department of Animal Husbandry, Kerala. Read More >>>>

Holy cow! Small is beautiful

 When Kerala Agriculture Minister K.P. Mohanan paid Chandran ‘Master’ Rs.15,000 for a Vechur calf last September, he was rewarding a conscious law-breaker. Yet, the Minister, on behalf of the Livestock Development Board, was doing the right thing — and everyone approved. Chandran ‘Master’ and other intrepid souls have helped keep Kerala’s unique cattle varieties alive. This, despite antiquated laws that made the breeding of such animals by farmers illegal without a licence from the State’s Director of Animal Husbandry. And through some years when livestock inspectors relentlessly castrated the bulls of these ‘inferior’ breeds, boosting the dominance of crossbred cattle.

This flowed partly from the idea that higher milk yields, regardless of costs and consequences, were all that mattered. In what could mark an attitude shift, the State is now paying rebel farmers for resisting its own depredations. Read More >>>

The deshi cow milk jinx

“The milk from my cows is thicker and sweeter, and good for children’s growth,” says Vidyabai Awathale, a traditional herder from the Gawli community, who conserves the rare Gaolao breed of cattle from Wardha district in Maharashtra, “It makes very tasty khowa and the ghee has richer fragrance and taste.”

Awathale, however, despairs of being able to sustain her herd of around 50 cows in the future, as getting a sustainable income from them is a challenge. “Our milk is much better than the milk of Jersey and Holstein cows,” says she, “Those animals yield more milk, but it is thinner, and not very tasty. But in the market, no one bothers. We get the same Rs 18-21 that Jersey milk fetches,” she rues, “It is a loss for us, you know, because the milk yield of our cows is about a third of what those cows yield.” Read More >>>

It’s high time the world shifts to A2 milk

Devinder Sharma If you are not drinking A2 milk, the chances are that in the long term you are likely to suffer from allergies, diabetes, obesity and cardio-vascular diseases. While the exotic cattle breeds may be producing higher milk but because of the concentration of A1 allele gene in their bodies, the milk they produce is much inferior in quality. As per a report in The Telegraph,London, the commonly consumed milk contains A1 allele leading to allergies, causing bloating, abdominal pain, nausea, diarrhea and constipation.

Accordingly, a study published last month in the scientific journal Infant has linked A1 milk with increased risk of type 1 diabetes in some infants, adverse immune responses, digestive disorders and respiratory dysfunction. It is primarily for the health advantages that A2 milk offers that singer Dannii Minogue, who was faced with digestive disorders, has now become a brand ambassador for the A2 milk.  Read More >>>

Cultivating a culture of unity 

Unni Gopalan.KP Unni Gopalan, fondly known as Unni Gopalan Master — a retired teacher at Chemancheri in Kozhikode is totally immersed in farming, to be more precise, zero-budget natural farming. Having practised this technique in his one acre paddy field for seven years, Unni Gopalan Master attributes an increased yield to natural farming and its proponent Subhash Palekar. The School of Agriculture, Chemancheri promotes and propagates zero-budget natural farming techniques is also being run by Unni Gopalan and his friends. His sincere efforts was awarded recently by Animal. Read More >>>

 Thanks to Dr Sanjeev Balyan 

Dr Sanjeev Balyan The young and Dynamic Minister of State-Agriculture & Food Processing is the face of youth leadership and is committed for second green & white revolution

On a like by Hon Minister to promote traditional cows included 50 Crore rupees in the Central Budget by his efforts.


Performance of Natural Rubber 2013-14

Visit the spread sheet for more details.


Performance of Natural Rubber 2013-14
Stock at the beginning of the year 253000 Tonnes
Area — hectares –% Growth
Production 844000 Tonnes -7.6% Growth
Consumption 981520 Tonnes 0.9 % Growth
Import 325190 Tonnes % Growth
Export 5398 Tonnes % Growth
Average Market Price for RSS 4 grade Rs. 16602/100Kg Rs. 166.02 per Kg
Stock at the end of the year 250000 Tonnes 253000 + 111040 Tonnes
Number of small holdings — Million
Number of large estates —-
Average yield per hectare —- Kg
Customs duty on Natural rubber
Solid Form 20% or Rs 20/kg which ever is lower
Latex 70.00% or Rs 49/kg which ever is lower
Value of Natural Rubber Imported Rs. —– crore Rs. —- per Kg
Value of Natural Rubber Exported Rs. —- crore Rs. —- per Kg
Value of rubber products imported Rs. —- crore
Value of rubber products exported Rs. —– crore
Income from NR to growers Rs. —- crore
Cess of NR collected Rs. —- crore —– Tonnes at cess Rs. 2/kg (Import —— + Purchase ——- Tonnes?)
Number of licensed dealers —–
Number of licensed manufacturers —–
Tyre and Non-tyre consumption ratio —–
NR and SR consumption ratio ——
Per capita consumption of elastomer —– Kg
Tyre industry turnover Rs. —- crores
Tyre production —— Million Numbers
Value of tyre exports Rs. —– crores
Customs duty on tyres
World production —– million tonnes
World consumption —– million tonnes
World NR & SR consumption ratio
International price RSS 3 Rs. 15525/100 Kg Rs. 155.25 per Kg



Opening Stock 253000 Tonnes Consumption 981520 Tonnes
Production 844000 Tonnes Export 5398 Tonnes
Import 325190 Tonnes Balance Stock 250000 Tonnes
Missing 185272 Tonnes
Total 1422190 Tonnes Total 1422190 Tonnes

Anti Dumping Duty

The Indian industry must be able to show that dumped imports are causing or are threatening to cause material injury to the Indian ‘domestic industry’. Material retardation to the establishment of an industry is also regarded as injury.

The material injury or threat thereof cannot be based on mere allegation, statement or conjecture. Sufficient evidence must be provided to support the contention of material injury. Injury analysis can broadly be divided in two major areas:





The Volume Effect
The Authority examines the volume of the dumped imports, including the extent to which there has been or is likely to be a significant increase in the volume of dumped imports, either in absolute terms or in relation to production or consumption in India, and its affect on the domestic industry.

The Price Effect
The effect of the dumped imports on prices in the Indian market for like articles, including the existence of price undercutting, or the extent to which the dumped imports are causing price depression or preventing price increases for the goods which otherwise would have occurred. The consequent economic and financial impact of the dumped imports on the concerned Indian industry can be demonstrated, inter alia, by :
decline in output
loss of sales
loss of market share
reduced profits
decline in productivity
decline in capacity utilization
reduced return on investments
price effects
adverse effects on cash flow, inventories, employment, wages, growth, investments, ability to raise capital, etc.
Injury analysis is a detailed and intricate examination of all the relevant factors. It is not necessary that all the factors considered relevant should individually show injury to the domestic industry.
A ‘causal link’ must exist between the material injury being suffered by the Indian industry and the dumped
imports. In addition, other injury causes have to be investigated so that they are not attributed to dumping.
Some of these are volume and prices of imports not sold at dumped prices, contraction in demand or changes in the pattern of consumption, export performance, productivity of the domestic industry etc.

Market Share
Return on Investment
Capacity Utilization etc.
Ability to raise capital or investment etc

Causal relationship to be demonstrated
Other factors to be considered
Volume and price of other imports
Demand contraction

Read More


Rubber prices with elasticity

Rubber board publishing monthly rubber statistical news with a mathematical error in balance stock. The balance stock had a great role in price. If the missing is positive it means a heavy stock available in India and the rubber board published balance stock as reduced one.

Available data on the site of rubber board on 1st March 2014

Available data on the site of rubber board on 1st March 2014

As per published monthly rubber statistical news the following analysis lime lights the mathematical error.

The reduced figure of balance stock published by the Rubber Board was to help importers on shortage in India. Actually stock was excess as per the same data without the missing figure.
Unfortunately Business Standard published like the following.

Rubber imports to go up 47 pc to 3.2 lakh tonnes in FY’14

Natural rubber imports are likely to rise by 47 per cent to touch a new all-time high of 3.2 lakh tonnes in the current financial year on back of lower prices in the global market.

“Till last week, the inward shipments of natural rubber were at 2.9 lakh tonnes and as per our estimates the total imports by the end of 2013-14 fiscal will be around 3.2 lakh tonnes,” a senior rubber board official said.

According to Rubber Board data, India’s natural rubber imports in the financial year 2012-13 were at 2.17 lakh tonnes — all time high so far.

Imports have increased notwithstanding the Centre raising import duty on natural rubber to Rs 30 per kg or 20 per cent, whichever is lower, in December. The basic customs duty on natural rubber earlier stood at Rs 20 a kg or 20 per cent whichever was lower.

“Imports have gone up as bulk of contracts for import of natural rubber were made in the period June to October before the import duty was raised. At that time, prices in the international market were down by Rs 35 per tonne as compared to domestic prices,” official added.

During April-January period of this fiscal, consumption of natural rubber has marginally come down to 8.11 lakh tonnes from 8.18 lakh tonnes in the year ago period.

Production of natural rubber during April-January period in the current financial year has also dropped by 9 per cent to 7.23 lakh tonnes against 7.98 lakh tonnes in the same period previous fiscal.

The impact of decline in rubber production was visible in export trend, as outward shipments have fallen 66 per cent to 5,357 tonnes against 15,632 tonnes during the period under review.
Why Rubber Board’s senior official said this unpublished details to media? When the low priced import done by the importers why didn’t Govt of India imposed anti dumping duty on low priced import? This announcement for the justification of price fall.

This incomplete data to make fool

This incomplete data to make fool

‘High natural rubber imports justified by sharp fall in production’ Read more at:’s imports of natural rubber are expected to fall by third in 2014/15 to about 200,000 tonnes, as tapping of newly planted trees likely boosts domestic production to a record high, a senior government official told Reuters.A drop in imports by India, the world’s fourth biggest producer, would put pressure on global prices that are sitting not far off multi-year lows.

Large quantity of duty paid import on higher price in India than international.

Large quantity of duty paid import on higher price in India than international.

The price difference more than 60 rupees per kg including 5% VAT.

Who can decide the market price in India higher?

Who can decide the market price in India higher?

All these irregularities through the control of by the Group media of the biggest manufacturer in India.

“Trees planted in non-traditional growing areas are becoming ready for tapping. If weather remains normal, ..

Read more at:

It is a clear evidence of price fall for a long duration.

However, there are signs of market improving in the near term. The Government may sort out soon the issues involved in the procurement. The handling charge for procurement agencies has been raised from Rs.4 to Rs.6 a kg. The Union Finance Minister has reduced the excise duty on manufactured articles from 12% to 10%. The car makers have made a corresponding reduction in vehicle prices and vehicle demand that had slumped in 2013 is expected to revive soon. This is positive for the tyre sector and the auto rubber components sector and demand for rubber may revive.

Govt announced a 2 rupees excess price for RSS 4 sheets to collect by Rubbermark etc with a handling charge of rupees 6 per kg. This is a move to support industries in the name of farmers. If Govt really want to support farmers give farmers Rs 8 /kg to hold rubber with farmers. So that farmers who are holding stock getting Rs 8 per kg will sell at the price of 171/kg. The agencies like Rubbermark can save a large amount of money for the purchase and to store in their storage. This storage will be the reason for the deep fall of rubber price in coming future.

See the analysis of Indian Rubber Statistics at

Performance of Natural Rubber 2012-13

Performance of Natural Rubber 2012-13
Stock at the beginning of the year 236275 Tonnes
Area 758000 hectares 3.2% Growth
Production 913700 Tonnes 1.1% Growth
Consumption 972705 Tonnes 0.9 % Growth
Import 217364 Tonnes % Growth
Export 30594 Tonnes % Growth
Average Market Price for RSS 4 grade Rs. 17682/100Kg Rs. 176.82 per Kg
Stock at the end of the year 253000 Tonnes 253000 + 111040 Tonnes
Number of small holdings 1.25 Million
Number of large estates 537
Average yield per hectare 1813 Kg
Customs duty on Natural rubber
Solid Form 20% or Rs 20/kg which ever is lower
Latex 70.00% or Rs 49/kg which ever is lower
Value of Natural Rubber Imported Rs. 3887.9 crore Rs. 178.87 per Kg
Value of Natural Rubber Exported Rs. 468.5 crore Rs. 153.13 per Kg
Value of rubber products imported Rs. 6206.3 crore (2012-12)
Value of rubber products exported Rs. 15532.2 crore
Income from NR to growers Rs. 16150 crore
Cess of NR collected Rs. 128.28 crore —– Tonnes at cess Rs. 2/kg (Import —— + Purchase ——- Tonnes?)
Number of licensed dealers 9533
Number of licensed manufacturers 4344
Tyre and Non-tyre consumption ratio 65:35
NR and SR consumption ratio 69:31
Per capita consumption of elastomer 1.16 Kg
Tyre industry turnover Rs. 46000 crores
Tyre production 122.78 Million Numbers
Value of tyre exports Rs. 4775 crores
Customs duty on tyres
World production 11.327 million tonnes (2012)
World consumption 11.005 million tonnes (2012)
World NR & SR consumption ratio 42:58
International price RSS 3 Rs. 17576/100 Kg Rs. 175.76 per Kg

Ref: Monthly Rubber Statistical News August 2013 Vol 72 No 6


Opening Stock 236275 Tonnes Consumption 972705 Tonnes
Production 913700 Tonnes Export 30594 Tonnes
Import 217364 Tonnes Balance Stock 253000 Tonnes
Missing 111040 Tonnes
Total 1367339 Tonnes Total 1367339 Tonnes