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Farmers can’t escape

Farmers lost their confidence on getting profit from Agriculture. From the bottom Panchayath level to Central spending so many crores in Agricultural sector. Farmers are not getting any benefit from it equally on their share in farming.  Once the economists said that the inflation is due to the price hike of food produces in India. Unfortunately the hike of Inflation visible from the past few decades. But the inflation of food produces is only 14.3% which is calculated from Wholesale Price Index (WPI). At World level maximum Countries are calculating inflation on Consumer Price Index (CPI).

In India, wholesale price index is divided into three groups:

1. Primary Articles (20.1 percent of total weight), Food Articles from the Primary Articles Group account for 14.3 percent of the total weight.

Food articles wholesale price is controlled by the middlemen. Farmers are not entitled to fix the selling price of his produces. The public distribution system, many other Govt agencies are available to control the price of food produces in the market. Thus farmers can’t get the benefit of inflation. If the inflation is calculated for 65 years  as base year 1949 the inflation rate may be higher up to 2000. To reduce the inflation rate the economists purposefully changes the base year periodically. In 1985 the labour wage of a male worker will get Rs. 20 per day and now he gets Rs. 700 per day due to Inflation. Unfortunately any of the agricultural produce gone up below 4 times. The salary and pension are increase more than 35 times including DA. HRA, TA, Promotion and other allowances are above the inflation rate.

2. Fuel and Power (14.9 percent)

The price of Fuel and Power are controlled by the State and Central Govts. These will be hiked on the basis of inflation which is a burden for farmers.

3. Manufactured Products (65 percent).The most important components of the Manufactured Products Group are:-

(i) Chemicals and Chemical products (12 percent of the total weight)

(ii) Basic Metals, Alloys and Metal Products (10.8 percent)

(iii) Machinery and Machine Tools (8.9 percent)

(iv)Textiles (7.3 percent)

(v) Transport, Equipment and Parts (5.2 percent)

All these manufactured products price are fixed by the Manufacturers with profit and other expenses.  BICP stands for Bureau of Industrial Costs and Pricing (India), they will not harm the industry on pricing.

The Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices  giving reports to Govt of India. All reports by CACP are in papers only, because farmers are not aware on these reports and farmers are not united to fetch the positive result from it. An interesting Study  on the price indices of few Agricultural produces in Kerala which was submitted to CACP by Dr. Yageen Thomas in 2007, who was the head of Statistics Dept in Kerala University.  A Report  Submitted before the Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices related with Coconut and it’s byproducts in 2008 by Dr. Yageen Thomas. Coconut Development Board  spending more money for the development of farmers. In 1985 for plucking coconuts from 50 trees I have to give 15 coconuts and Rs. 2 only. For the the 15 coconuts he was able to sell it at Rs. 75  where the labour wage of a male worker in agricultural sector was Rs. 20. Now the farmers have to give Rs. 1000 for plucking coconut from 50 trees. Above all shortage of workforce in Kerala is an another issue. Many of the labour in Kerala including rubber tapping now work force from North Eastern States who are able to get the wage in their States from Rs. 150 to 200 per day. Kerala is a Gulf for them to fetch a better income to their families. Young educated in Kerala are not interested in Agriculture, they need white color job  to get a bride or groom at their status. How ever inflation goes up and farmers income is going down which creates waste land every where. The farmers or work force are not interested to build their children  on their own standard. For better income to farmers they are using fertilizers, pesticides and herbicides for better yield which is harmful to the environment and health of flies, Animals, livestock and human. With out controlling the inflation farmer can’t escape from his suicide attempts. Thus the calculation of Inflation must be on Food Articles WPI  only. Farmers capability to use manufactured products is a must for the economic growth and self sufficiency of the Nation.


TMR – Total Mixed Ration


India is the largest milk producer of the world and milk has been marked as the number one farm commodity. Dairy farming is also recognized as one of the engines in ushering rural prosperity. Milk production in India, is by far the domain of small farmers in a mixed farming system . Recently livestock production has taken a new turn by venturing itself on commercial basis. Farmers rearing cross-bred cows ranked higher feed cost as the first and foremost major constraint. It is imperative to say that in this recent system of intensive livestock production, increased concentrate feeding has increased the milk production cost and substantially decreased the profits of farmers. The increasing cost of feed ingredients,scarcity of quality commercial feeds and seasonal variability also adds to the gravity of the situation. Some of the common ingredients that go into dairy rations across the country are maize, oil seed cakes, bran, straw; commercially available concentrates green fodder etc in varying proportions also depending on its availability and price.

TMR (Total Mix Ration):

To overcome this challenge of availability of quality feed at economical price TMR (Total Mixed
Ration) holds great promise and potential.

TMR contains the Concentrate portion,(which essentially caters to Protein and Energy requirements of the animal),the roughage portion (which caters to the fibre needs) mineral mixture and vitamin supplements in the correct proportion to meet the production and maintainace needs of the animal.

In large sized farms across the world TMR feeding is the rule. Protein rich ingridents, Energy rich
Carbohydrates,vitamin and mineral mixtures, Fiber in the form of hay and silage are added in a TMR wagon and mixed thoroughly. The quantity of ingredients is calculated taking into account
the herd size,the average body weights of the animal and the daily milk production. Fat percentage of milk also is taken into account for making a TMR. The bottom line being the final product must deliver to the cow the correct proportion of CP,ME,Fibre (ADF & NDF) and minerals and vitamins. Some larged sized farms in India too make their own TMR at their farm level.

However in states or areas where all the ingridents are unavailable or have to be transported from far off areas,making TMR at the farm level will not be economically feasible. The state of Kerala faces this problem. In a bid to overcome this a commercial TMR SR TMR(where green fodder has to be fed extra) has been introduced which has found great acceptability across the state.

Advantages of TMR :

TMR delivers the correct proportion of concentrate and fibre to the cow,which helps in maintining good rumen environment of the cow.

TMR helps in mainting of good body score or body condition which in turn helps overcome reproductive problems.

TMR helps overcome SARA,and corrects milk fat depression.

TMR helps economical milk production.

TMR significantly helps reduce the labour costs.

TMR addresses environmental pollution,due to decreased methane production.( As a result of

increased Feed efficiency )

In farms that use Brewery waste and other agro-industrial wastes feeding TMR also helps

reduce the stink and smell associated with such ingredients.

How TMR corrects and improves digestion :

Concentrates consists of protein rich and energy rich components. It is mostly grains and other soluble carbohydrates which forms the energy component. The soluble carbohydrates gets digested and converted into VFA s in the rumen at a very fast pace. VFA s being acidic causes a drop a in rumen Ph.VFA production could also exceed the absorption capability of the rumen,resulting in VFAs filling the rumen. The complaint generally referred by farmers as “Gas” or by professionals as bloat. The drop in ph makes the rumen environment highly acidic and acidic environment also triggers multiplication of lactic acid producing bacteria in the rumen. A viscious cycle sets in leading to Acidosis,and laminitis due to release of Histamine in large quanties. SARA or Clinical acidosis leads to milk fat depression,reproductive inefficency,hoof problems and at time even death depending on the severity of the condition.

TMR since it contains concentrates along with fibre component delays the digestion process. While the rumination increases. Increased rumination leads to increased salivation and inturn increased production of Sodium bicarbonate which helps keep the rumen pH stable at 5.8-6.2.

We also have another feed Protein meal,which contains between 35-40% CP. Feeding this @ 1 kg/day to cows yielding up to 16-18 litres a day will definitely improve milk yield.

For those yielding above 20 litres recommend at the rate of 2-3 kg a day along with 8 kgs of TMR.

Dr.R.Unni Krishnan

B.V.Sc & A.H ; M.V.Sc

+91 9000262634

+ 91 9447150613

Reason for the price fall of natural rubber

The storage of buffer stock up to 5 lakh Tonnes on Natural Rubber by Thailand was the main reason for a great fall on price. The duty paid import to India at lower price than domestic with out anti-dumping duty is another reason. The duty paid import is for the consumption in India which will reduce the demand. Thus the imbalance of supply and demand will lead to another price fall. For profitable import the importers are powerful to hike the Domestic price above International is one more reason. It will destroy Indian manufacturers who are purchasing from domestic market with VAT. Above all the agreements signed with neighboring Countries permits import raw material for tyre manufacturers on Nil Duty. Finished products also permitted to import on Nil Duty. Thus the import of finished products are five times greater than the export of finished products. The manufacturers are capable to get support from the Center to implement anti-dumping duty on imported tyres tyres which is cheaper than domestic tyres. Growers are not capable to submit requests to Centre to implement anti-dumping duty on low priced import of raw rubber. The Statistics published by Indian Rubber Board with mathematical error with a reduced figure of balance stock on each month from 1st April 2010 till now. The old aged visual grading system permits the dealers for grading exploitation. They can purchase at lower grade and price for the sale at higher grade and price for more profits to overcome the loss on price fluctuations.

Details of Export, Import and missing value as follows

Anomaly in Rubber Statistics

Anomaly in Rubber Board’s stock calculation a worry: Trade bodies


KOCHI: Disturbed by the anomaly in August 2014 data on the country’s natural rubber (NR) stock published by the Rubber Board, tyre and rubber trade bodies have written to the Union ministry of commerce, saying this discrepancy will have significant consequences for all stakeholders.

The Rubber Board’s stock figures represent the country’s existing NR stock and is arrived at by deducting offtake, which is consumption and export, from availability, which is production and imports.

In its letter to additional secretary, plantations at the department of commerce, who is also the chairman of the expert committee formed to draft a national rubber policy, the industry bodies pointed out that the August 2014 NR data shows a discrepancy of roughly one lakh tonnes.

Based on the opening stock of NR in April this year and factoring the key parameters of production, consumption, imports and exports, the closing stock should have been 2.85 lakh tonnes at the end of August this year. However, the figures published by the Board was 1.85 lakh tonnes. In effect, 1 lakh tonnes have been ‘adjusted’ without any explanation, said Automotive Tyre Manufacturers’ Association (ATMA) and All India Rubber Industries Association (AIRIA).

“Since import and export figures are fairly accurate, either the production has been over estimated or the consumption has been under estimated or a combination of both”, said Rajiv Budhraja, director general of ATMA.

The trade bodies are also planning to raise the issue at the second meeting of the expert committee to formulate national policy in Kochi later this week.

`Decide whether to cut rubber trees down’

Rubber farmers in the country should decide whether to cut their rubber trees down or continue being happy with lower income as prices are expected to go up only by 2025, said Hidde Smit, former secretary general of Singapore-based International Rubber Study Group (IRSG). Smit, who was credited with the prediction of the current fall in natural rubber prices, was talking on the sidelines of India Rubber Summit, held in Kochi last week. “India is not to blame for the oversupply; it is coming from Thailand, Vietnam, China, Cambodia, Myanmar and Laos,“ he stated.According to him, a recovery from the global economic downturn won’t help rubber prices to climb back.“On average the consumption growth is 4% per annum, while the supply potential will grow by 6% for 4-5 years. So, by 2025, it must be a lot better,“ he said.