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Farmers can’t escape

Farmers lost their confidence on getting profit from Agriculture. From the bottom Panchayath level to Central spending so many crores in Agricultural sector. Farmers are not getting any benefit from it equally on their share in farming.  Once the economists said that the inflation is due to the price hike of food produces in India. Unfortunately the hike of Inflation visible from the past few decades. But the inflation of food produces is only 14.3% which is calculated from Wholesale Price Index (WPI). At World level maximum Countries are calculating inflation on Consumer Price Index (CPI).

In India, wholesale price index is divided into three groups:

1. Primary Articles (20.1 percent of total weight), Food Articles from the Primary Articles Group account for 14.3 percent of the total weight.

Food articles wholesale price is controlled by the middlemen. Farmers are not entitled to fix the selling price of his produces. The public distribution system, many other Govt agencies are available to control the price of food produces in the market. Thus farmers can’t get the benefit of inflation. If the inflation is calculated for 65 years  as base year 1949 the inflation rate may be higher up to 2000. To reduce the inflation rate the economists purposefully changes the base year periodically. In 1985 the labour wage of a male worker will get Rs. 20 per day and now he gets Rs. 700 per day due to Inflation. Unfortunately any of the agricultural produce gone up below 4 times. The salary and pension are increase more than 35 times including DA. HRA, TA, Promotion and other allowances are above the inflation rate.

2. Fuel and Power (14.9 percent)

The price of Fuel and Power are controlled by the State and Central Govts. These will be hiked on the basis of inflation which is a burden for farmers.

3. Manufactured Products (65 percent).The most important components of the Manufactured Products Group are:-

(i) Chemicals and Chemical products (12 percent of the total weight)

(ii) Basic Metals, Alloys and Metal Products (10.8 percent)

(iii) Machinery and Machine Tools (8.9 percent)

(iv)Textiles (7.3 percent)

(v) Transport, Equipment and Parts (5.2 percent)

All these manufactured products price are fixed by the Manufacturers with profit and other expenses.  BICP stands for Bureau of Industrial Costs and Pricing (India), they will not harm the industry on pricing.

The Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices  giving reports to Govt of India. All reports by CACP are in papers only, because farmers are not aware on these reports and farmers are not united to fetch the positive result from it. An interesting Study  on the price indices of few Agricultural produces in Kerala which was submitted to CACP by Dr. Yageen Thomas in 2007, who was the head of Statistics Dept in Kerala University.  A Report  Submitted before the Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices related with Coconut and it’s byproducts in 2008 by Dr. Yageen Thomas. Coconut Development Board  spending more money for the development of farmers. In 1985 for plucking coconuts from 50 trees I have to give 15 coconuts and Rs. 2 only. For the the 15 coconuts he was able to sell it at Rs. 75  where the labour wage of a male worker in agricultural sector was Rs. 20. Now the farmers have to give Rs. 1000 for plucking coconut from 50 trees. Above all shortage of workforce in Kerala is an another issue. Many of the labour in Kerala including rubber tapping now work force from North Eastern States who are able to get the wage in their States from Rs. 150 to 200 per day. Kerala is a Gulf for them to fetch a better income to their families. Young educated in Kerala are not interested in Agriculture, they need white color job  to get a bride or groom at their status. How ever inflation goes up and farmers income is going down which creates waste land every where. The farmers or work force are not interested to build their children  on their own standard. For better income to farmers they are using fertilizers, pesticides and herbicides for better yield which is harmful to the environment and health of flies, Animals, livestock and human. With out controlling the inflation farmer can’t escape from his suicide attempts. Thus the calculation of Inflation must be on Food Articles WPI  only. Farmers capability to use manufactured products is a must for the economic growth and self sufficiency of the Nation.

  

TMACT A Complete Solution

The health risks of dead bodies are dangers related to the improper preparation and disposal of cadavers. While normal circumstances allow cadavers to be quickly embalmed, cremated, or buried, natural and man-made disasters can quickly overwhelm and/or interrupt the established protocols for dealing with the dead. Under such circumstances, the decomposition and putrefaction of cadavers goes unchecked, and raises a series of health, logistical, and psychological issues. After disasters with extensive loss of life due to trauma rather than disease—earthquakes, storms, human conflict, etc.—many resources are often expended on burying the dead quickly, and applying disinfectant to bodies for the specific purpose of preventing disease. Specialists say that spraying is a waste of disinfectant and manpower, that “resources that should be going into establishment of water supply, sanitation, shelter, warmth and hygienic food for the survivors are being applied to digging mass graves”, and that “Time and time again, eminent and authoritative experts have pointed out that dead bodies do not constitute a health hazard

Contamination of water supplies by unburied bodies, burial sites, or temporary storage sites may result in the spread of gastroenteritis from normal intestinal contents. According to a PAHO article on the Infectious Disease Risks From Dead Bodies Following Natural Disasters.

There is little evidence of microbiological contamination of groundwater from burial. Where dead bodies have contaminated water supplies, gastroenteritis has been the most notable problem, although communities will rarely use a water supply where they know it to be contaminated by dead bodies. Microorganisms involved in the decay process (putrefaction) are not pathogenic.

To those in close contact with the dead, such as rescue workers, there is a health risk from chronic infectious diseases which those killed may have been suffering from and which spread by direct contact, including hepatitis B and hepatitis C, HIV, enteric intestinal pathogens, tuberculosis, cholera and others.

The substances cadaverine and putrescine are produced during the decomposition of animal (including human) bodies, and both give off a foul odor.

Ref:- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Health_risks_from_dead_bodies

TMACT is a complete a solution through aerobic composting technique. . Francis Xavier [/lanu_en]

Kerala Farmers Group

Form to join at your own Village in Kerala – http://goo.gl/forms/XUpqCvO5ht

Farmer, Market and Price

An AIR programme “vayalum Veedum” aired on 19-03-2015 with a discussion between Muraleedharan Thazhakkara and Chandrasekharan Nair in Malayalam. There are so many farmers who are saying that farming is profitable. Unfortunately they don’t know the real facts. The faulty calculating system on Inflation by the economists all over the World is responsible for the trouble suffered by the farmer. The significant jump has been arrived at by simple arithmetic – shifting the base year from 2004-05 to 2011-12 to reduce the figure of Inflation. Measuring the market prices in addition, the GDP for the current fiscal is projected at 7.4 per cent. No body is bothered on the reasons of suicide attempts of farmers. The agricultural loss is the main reason for the suicide attempts of farmers. Inflation is the reason for the DA hike of Government servants and pensioners at both Center and State. DA will be merged periodically with basic salary. An old study by Dr Yageen Thomas who was the professor and head of Statistics Dept, Kerala University lime lights the reason for the suicide attempts by the farmers. As per the study in 1983 the basic salary including DA for an university assistant grade 11 was able to get Rs 798 (HRA and other allowances are not considered as it changes from place to place), a person freshly posted as Assistant Grade-11 during 2015 would draw Rs 25020 basic pay and DA. Hence, by considering 1983 as the base year, the salary index of Assistant Grade-11 during 2015 at the entry level is 3135%.That is the present salary at the entry level of the post has been swelled to an extent of 31.35 times that of 1983.

From my personal diary, I too have noticed that labourers who were engaged to do agricultural works in the premises of my house during 1983 were given a wage of Rs. 20/- per day. But for the same work in 2015 March, the wage given was Rs. 750/- per day. Hence, by taking 1983 as the base year, the wage index of Agricultural labourers during 2015 is 3750 %. That is the present wages of Agricultural labourers has been swelled to an extent of 37.5 times that of 1983. The above indices will reflect the overall growth of wages/salaries over all sectors of Kerala.

Approx price of a medium size coconut at present is Rs 12.5. Thus I conclude that, if justice has to be done to coconut farmers, the Government have to give a salary of Rs. 7.58  x 798 = Rs. 6049/- per month to an Assistant Grade-11 instead of the present total salary of Rs. 25020/- or the price of coconut has to be increased to Rs. 31.35 x 1653 = Rs. 51822/- per 1000 nuts of medium size.

In order to do justice to the rubber farmers, the Government have to increase its price of rubber to Rs. 31.35 x 16.7 = Rs. 524/- per kg for RSS 4 grade sheets.

The following audio broadcast by AIR Malayam at 6.50 PM on 19-3-2015

An opinion of the same by Dr Thomas Varghees, Retired Professor and head of Soil Science Dept, Agricultural University, Kerala